African Cultures and the Diaspora: 

MICHAEL ANGELO GOMEZ. Exchanging our country marks : the transformation of African identities in the colonial and antebellum South. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

JUDITH ANN CARNEY. Black Rice: The African Origins of Rice Cultivation in the Americas. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 2001.

WALTER C. RUCKER. The River Flows on: Black Resistance, Culture, and Identity Formation in Early America. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2006.

MICHAEL MULLIN. Africa in America : slave acculturation and resistance in the American South and the British Caribbean, 1736-1831. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1992.

STEPHANIE E. SMALLWOOD. Saltwater Slavery: A Middle Passage from Africa to American Diaspora. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 2007.

JAMES H. SWEET. Domingos Álvares, African Healing, and the Intellectual History of the Atlantic World. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011.

—. Recreating Africa: Culture, Kinship, and Religion in the African-Portuguese World, 1441-1770. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003).

GWENDOLYN MIDLO HALL. Slavery and African Ethnicities in the Americas: Restoring the Links. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.

SIDNEY W. MINTZ and RICHARD PRICE. The birth of African-American culture: an anthropological perspective. Boston: Beacon Press, 1992.

RICHARD PRICE. Alabi’s world. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990.

WALTER HAWTHORNE. From Africa to Brazil: Culture, Identity, and an Atlantic Slave Trade, 1600-1830. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

ROQUINALDO AMARAL FERREIRA. Cross-Cultural Exchange in the Atlantic World: Angola and Brazil during the Era of the Slave Trade. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.