Primary Sources:

Histories: (note: the following list includes both published and unpublished histories. They are presented in chronological order according to when they were written, and not when they were published on when the author, if he or she ever visited or lived on Jamaica, made their initial observations. In keeping with popular historical genres of the long eighteenth-century, these works range from “natural histories” to “political” or “civil histories.” 


THOMAS GAGE. A New Survey of the West Indies. London: R. Cotes, 1656. Access: this volume is available to read in full on The Internet Archive (archive.org).

RICHARD BLOME. A Description of the Island of Jamaica. London: T. Milbourne, 1672. Access: this volume is available to read in full on The Internet Archive (archive.org).

HANS SLOANE. A Voyage to the Islands Madera, Barbados, Nieves, S. Christophers and Jamaica, 2 Vols. (London: Printed by B.M., 1707 and 1725). Access: both volumes are available to read in full on The Internet Archive (archive.org).

JOHN OLDMIXON. “The History of Jamaica” in The British Empire in America, 2: 266-347 (London: John Nicholson, 1708). Access: both volumes are available to read in full on The Internet Archive (archive.org).

HENRY BARHAM. Hortus Americanus (Kingston, Jamaica: Alexander Aikman, 1794). This text was originally written around 1711 but remained unpublished for about 83 years. Access: this volume is available to read in full on The Internet Archive (archive.org).

HENRY BARHAM. A Most Correct and Particular Account of the Island of Jamaica (c. 1722) Unpublished manuscript now housed in the C.E. Long Papers of The British Library under catalog number Add. MS 12422. This history is 288 pages long. Access: not available online.

CHARLES LESLIE. A New and Exact Account of Jamaica (Edinburgh: R. Fleming, 1739). Access: available to read in full on various internet databases such as Slavery & Anti-Slavery A Transnational Archive.

JAMES KNIGHT. The Natural, Moral, and Political History of Jamaica, 2 Vols. (c. 1743). Unpublished manuscript now housed in the C.E. Long Papers of The British Library in various forms under the following catalog numbers: Add. MS 12415-12420. Volume I is 313 folio pages and Volume II is 133 folio pages. Access: not available online.

PATRICK BROWNE. The Civil and Natural History of Jamaica. In Three Parts (London: T. Osborne and J. Shipton, 1756). Access: this volume is available to read in full on The Internet Archive (archive.org).

VARIOUS AUTHORS. “Jamaica” in The Modern Part of an Universal History, from the Earliest Account of Time. Compiled from Original Writers, 62: 345-466 (London: S. Richardson et. al., 1764). Access: all volumes of the Universal History are available to read in full on Hathi Trust (hathitrust.org).

ANTHONY ROBINSON. The Natural Subjects of Jamaica (c. 1769). Unpublished manuscript compiled by Robert Long when he edited Robinson’s notes after his death in 1768. Now housed at the Institute of Jamaica in Kingston, Jamaica. Access: not available online.

EDWARD LONG. The History of Jamaica, 3 Vols. (London: T. Lowndes, 1774). Access: all three volumes are available to read in full on The Internet Archive (archive.org).

WILLIAM BECKFORD. A Descriptive Account of the Island of Jamaica, 2 Vols. (London: T. and J. Egerton, 1790). Access: both volumes are available to read in full on The Internet Archive (archive.org).

EDWARD LONG. Second Edition of The History of Jamaica, 3 Vols. (c. 1792). Unpublished manuscript revisions now housed in the C.E. Long Papers of The British Library under catalog numbers Add. MS 12404-12406. Volume I is 501 folio pages, Volume II is 480 folio pages, and Volume III is 350 folio pages. Access: not available online.

BRYAN EDWARDS. The History, Civil and Commercial, of the British Colonies in the West Indies, 2 Vols. (Dublin: Luke White, 1793). Access: both volumes are available to read in full on The Internet Archive (archive.org).

ROBERT CHARLES DALLAS. The History of the Maroons, 2 Vols. (London: T.N. Longman and O. Rees, 1803). Access: both volumes are available to read in full on The Internet Archive (archive.org).